Artificial insemination is one of the Assisted Reproduction Techniques (ART) which facilitates conception in most cases.
The procedure consists in the following process: sperm, which is preliminary cleaned, is inserted with the help of a catheter either in the cervical canal (intracervical insemination) or immediately in the uterus (intrauterine insemination). In practice in most cases the second is more preferable and believed to be more efficient.
Indications to artificial insemination (AI) are cervix pathologies, oocyte maturation failure and ovulation failure as well as idiopathic infertility. Artificial insemination is also recommended in cases of vaginism and sexual-ejaculatory dysfunction.
Whether the technique is applicable in your case is determined by the fertility specialist after a thorough examination. Artificial insemination is efficient only in case of a slight reduction of sperm quality.
Artificial insemination may be performed with the spouse’s sperm or with donated sperm. Donated gametes are recommended in case of a poor medical and genetic background and a high risk of transmitting hereditary diseases to a prospective child or in case of infertility treatment performed for a single woman.
The main contraindication is occlusion of the uterine tubes.
The average efficiency of artificial insemination is 15-20%. It mainly depends on such factors as sperm quality and the age of the patient. In compliance with the norms of World Health Organization the procedure is not recommended to perform more than six times. Russian fertility specialists recommend performing IVF treatment if three or four insemination attempts fail to achieve pregnancy.
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